Sunday, April 5, 2009


Age: 21

Tutorial Group: 2


1. Do you enjoy blogging?


IF YES OR NO please explain why: Because it offers a new experience.

2. Based on your experience what is the benefit of blogging?

You get to know people and view their opinions.

3. Do you need more assistance to set up your blog ?


If YES Please explain on what aspect : To add additional graphics to my blogsite.

4. Do you have any memorable/favorite topic in your blog?


If YES Please list which topic ?

The online database topic.

5. List 5 advantages of blogging for you

To view other people opinion.

To give your own opinion on something.

To obtain information.

To get the latest news.

For advertising.

6. List 5 disadvantages of blogging

Can disrupt unity.

Can spread lies and rumors.

Can ruin other people reputation.

Can spread false advertising.

Can be a distraction.

7. Will you continue blogging after the course?


If Yes or No Please explain why : To write about more things in the blog.

8. Do you think that blogging improve your writing?


9. Do you think that we should continue with blogging activity for the next batch of students?


10. Will you recommend your friend to blog


11. Can you teach a friend to set up his or her blog


Monday, March 30, 2009

Posting 5-Concordance

Summary of Teaching With Concordances By Katherine Moran and Luciana Diniz

Concordancer is a feature of a software program to analyze a corpus which is a collection of a whole text in a database. When a user searches for a word in a corpus, the concordancer returns all the occurrences of the word within its context of use. Concordancers display many examples of context in the same word to investigate the meanings and patterns of the word. From this, students can investigate the grammatical features of the word and analyze its examples. Corpus is an effective tool to learn language. If concordance line is analyzed they will become more independent by doing their analyzation. On a side note, corpus-based pedagogical materials are not widely available or used by teachers and learners in both ESL and EFL contexts according to (Hunston, 2002; Sinclair, 2004). This is because teachers could not fully make use of integrating corpus-based concordances into their instructional modules. Other than that, there are four steps to help students to practice on their own using concordance that is :

1. Activating schema.
2. Investigating.
3. Guiding analysis.
4. Follow up.

These framework that were given is useful to students for the use of concordance for analyzing a corpus.

Taken from:

Concordancing in Language Learning By John Flowerdew

Concordancing is define as accessing a corpus of content to illustrate how any given word or phrase in the passage is used in the direct contexts in which it appears. By gathering these particular words the concordancer display the pattern of which these word is used. Early usage of concordancing was in the field of lexicography and constructing dictionary and also in the field of stylistics and literary research, as well linguistic research. However, today concordancing is said to have an impact on organization and language teaching. Also, there are more detailed explanation on the software and corpus, the types of corpus and application in the article via the link below.


My personal view on concordancing and its benefits.

In my opinion concordance is a useful method for learning language as it let you to determine the meaning and patterns of words. The four framework mentioned above can be considered as language teaching points such as vocabulary acquisition, differences in synonym use, usage variation in register or genre, preposition choice, semantic prosody, or word connotation. There are also benefits in concordancing to learning language such as it can be considered an input to for teaching and materials development. It can also be used for error analysis and to develope students to be more independent in learning language. Lastly concordance can also be applicable for the use of inductive or deductive reasoning.

Monday, March 23, 2009

Posting 4-Online Database


Dissertation Online or DOA is an online database with the most comprehensive collection of dissertations and theses.

Below is a list of UKM online databases and their descriptions including EBSCOhost and LISA net.


Fulltext information in various fields. Title of databases includes: Business Source Complete, Academic Search Elite, Business Source Premier, Eric, Health Business Fulltext Elite, MAS Ultra School Edition, Medline, Nursing & Allied Health Collection: Comprehensive, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection and MAS Ultra - Public Library Edition.

British Library collection. Bibliographic information in all subject areas. Full text access via Interlibrary Loan within 10 working days of request.

ISI Web of Science
Access ISI Web of Science (records 1991 - present) covers Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and Arts & Humanities Citation Index (AHCI).

Journal Citation Reports
Comprehensive resource to information on journal impact factor from over 7,500 scholarly and technical journals.

JSTOR is a not-for-profit organization where offers researchers the ability to retrieve high-resolution, scanned images of journal issues and pages as they were originally designed, printed, and illustrated. The journals archived in JSTOR span many disciplines. Full text access to Arts and Sciences I (119 titles), Arts and Sciences II (125 titles) and Language and Literature (58 titles).


Emerald Fulltext
Full text articles to journals published by MCB University Press. Information on management, business and library science.

Useful database for library catalogers.

Bibliographic information on library and information science.

Scopus is the largest abstract and citation database of research literature and quality web sources. It's designed to find the information scientists need. Quick, easy and comprehensive, Scopus provides superior support of the literature research process. Updated daily, Scopus offers 15,000 peer-reviewed journals from more than 4,000 publishers (over 1000 Open Access journals, 500 conference proceedings, over 600 trade publications), 33 millions abstracts, results from 386 millions scientific web pages, 21 millions patent records from 5 patent offices, seamless links to library full text articles and other library resources. - Source; SCOPUS site (10th Nov 2007).

Below is a summarization of articles from journals taken from EBSCOhost.

Summary of Personalized E-learning System With Self-Regulated Learning Assisted Mechanisms for Promoting Learning Performance By Chih-Ming Chen.

Internet technologies nowadays are experiencing rapid increase. The conventional computer-assisted learning (CAL) is implementing learning based on the web. Instructors normally interact with students in class following the old method of learning but today individual learners are encourage to learn using web-based learning. However there are several problems when learning using these methods. One of them are they lack instructors to give them guidance on web-based learning and because of this the learners have to learn on their own when using web-based learning. How to developed learners in cultivating self-regulated learning abilities efficiently is an important research issue in the self-regulated learning field. This study presents a novel personalized e-learning system with self-regulated learning assisted mechanisms that help learners enhance their self-regulated learning abilities.

Please login here first before opening the link below:


Summary of Impact of Media Richness and Flow On E-Learning Technology Acceptance By Su-Houn Liu Hsiu-Li Liao and Jean A Pratt.

Advancement on technologies goes hand in hand with the increasing competence of computer users. The use of just one theory or model, such as the technology acceptance model, is no longer sufficient to study the intended use of e-learning systems. Rather, a combination of theories must be integrated in order to fully capture the complexity of e-learners, who are both system users and learners. The current research presents an integrated theoretical framework to study users’ acceptance of streaming media for e-learning. Three streams of research provide the basis for this integrated framework: the technology acceptance model, flow theory and media richness theory. Students who uses the online section of information system course uses one of three different combinations of text, streamed audio and streamed video. Richer content-presentation types were positively produced higher concentration levels but showed mixed results when it is perceived . Results from this have practical implication for those interested in integrating streaming media into e-learning.

Please login here first before opening the link below:


Sunday, March 15, 2009

Posting 3-Web search engine

Web search engine

A Web search engine is a tool designed to search for information on the World Wide Web. The search results are usually presented in a list and are commonly called hits. The information may consist of web pages, images, information and other types of files. Some search engines also mine data available in newsbooks, databases, or open directories. Unlike Web directories, which are maintained by human editors, search engines operate algorithmically or are a mixture of algorithmic and human input.

Web search engines work by storing information about many web pages, which they retrieve from the WWW itself. These pages are retrieved by a Web crawler (sometimes also known as a spider) — an automated Web browser which follows every link it sees. Exclusions can be made by the use of robots.txt. The contents of each page are then analyzed to determine how it should be indexed (for example, words are extracted from the titles, headings, or special fields called meta tags). Data about web pages are stored in an index database for use in later queries. Some search engines, such as Google, store all or part of the source page (referred to as a cache) as well as information about the web pages, whereas others, such as AltaVista, store every word of every page they find. This cached page always holds the actual search text since it is the one that was actually indexed, so it can be very useful when the content of the current page has been updated and the search terms are no longer in it. This problem might be considered to be a mild form of linkrot, and Google's handling of it increases usability by satisfying user expectations that the search terms will be on the returned webpage. This satisfies the principle of least astonishment since the user normally expects the search terms to be on the returned pages. Increased search relevance makes these cached pages very useful, even beyond the fact that they may contain data that may no longer be available elsewhere.

When a user enters a query into a search engine (typically by using key words), the engine examines its index and provides a listing of best-matching web pages according to its criteria, usually with a short summary containing the document's title and sometimes parts of the text. Most search engines support the use of the boolean operators AND, OR and NOT to further specify the search query. Some search engines provide an advanced feature called proximity search which allows users to define the distance between keywords.

Taken from: Copernic Inc., originally called, launched in 1996 by Herman Tumurcuoglu, was one of the web's first metasearch engines. Its slogan is "The Mother Of All Search Engines". Its search engine cover the field of websites, jobs videos, shopping, travel, the yellow pages and the white pages.

Google Scholar: Google Scholar is a freely-accessible Web search engine that indexes the full text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. The Google Scholar index includes most peer-reviewed online journals of the world's largest scientific publishers. Its advertising slogan — "Stand on the shoulders of giants" is a nod to the scholars who have contributed to their fields over the centuries, providing the foundation for new intellectual achievements.

Eric digest: ERIC Digests are short reports (1,000 - 1,500 words) on topics of prime current interest in education. There are a large variety of topics covered including teaching, learning, libraries, charter schools, special education, higher education, home schooling, and many more Yahoo! Search is a web search engine, owned by Yahoo!, Inc. and is currently the second largest search engine on the web, after its competitor Google. Yahoo! Search, originally referred to as Yahoo! provided Search interface, would send queries to a searchable index of pages supplemented with its directory of sites. The results were presented to the user under the Yahoo! brand.


In my opinion the similarities between these search engines is that all of them uses a keyword to find what you are looking for. Another one is that all of them will display the results based on the keyword for what you are looking for. Also all of these search engines uses the same interface where you can insert the keyword.


In my opinion, the are a few differences between these search engines. The first one is that only google scholar and eric digests are based on academic research. This means that only these two seach engines focus on searching something academic related such as journals and academic articles. The second difference is that only and has a link for searching videos and shopping. The next one is that, only has a link to search the white pages. The last difference is that, all of these search engines have a different interface which makes them unique.

Monday, March 9, 2009

Posting2- Blogs

How Blogging Helps Writer

By rappinhood

My Blogging Addiction

When I started blogging, it all seemed very simple. I had one blog on my main website. I posted diligently every day and didn't get much readership at first. Then I went to another site and everything changed. Whereas before I'd been blogging because I thought it was something I ought to do, once I joined that site I fell in love and despite the occasional glitches, I haven't fallen out of love yet. Not only was I able to write and hone my material, but I was also able to talk to people, get feedback and feel that I was useful. Is it any wonder I became addicted? I think blogging has a lot to offer to both new and experienced writers. Here are three ways that blogging can help writers to develop their skills and get paid to write.

Liberating Creativity

For me a blog is an online version of a blank piece of paper. It is exciting precisely because the blogger can create anything s/he wants to. When I started blogging, I didn't know what I was going to do. My blogs have evolved as I have interacted with people and seen what they like, what they appreciate and, most importantly, what they ignore. This, for me, is a key part of the blog puzzle - the possibility of interacting with your audience. Some people might find this frightening; I find it liberating. Just think, I can write what I like, try out ideas, get feedback, improve my creative output - all before I try to sell a piece of writing to a potential client.

In the past, this creative process took place offline, sometimes alone, sometimes with like-minded people. But the fact that creativity is taking place in full view of the world does not negate the viability of blogging as a creative form. In a sense, it gives everyone the possibility of being an artist but allows them to choose the form that their art takes.

Testing Ideas Safely

Blogging frees me from the dictates of an editor’s commission. In other words, I can write what I like, within reason.

Blogging is also a good way of testing ideas – sharing the stuff that you think about with others and getting their feedback – sort of like an online editorial or features meeting. This is a key part of offline publishing and I think it lends a lot to online publishing as well. Again, that doesn’t mean I don’t think about what I post. I tend to agree with others that a bit of thought is in order before opening your online mouth.

The learning that I’m doing here is keeping my mind active and stimulating me to ever more creative thought. I’m not making grand claims. Some of the ideas have been for improvements to my website; others have been ideas for posts; still others for work that I might publish offline.

Creating An Online Portfolio

If you're a freelance writer, a blog can be just as useful as your own website. Think about it. Do any of the following apply to you?

  • You blog almost every day
  • You're constantly thinking of new ideas for posts
  • You try to make your posts useful to your readers
  • You don't mind taking a bit of criticism

If all these things are true, your blog will make a great online portfolio. A blog is a wonderful place to rehearse your ideas for articles, stories, novel chapters, poetry or any kind of writing. If the community is active, the feedback you receive will tell you whether your writing is interesting and whether it's readable (not necessarily the same thing). You'll also be able to see where improvements can be made.

Taken from:

How blogging can improve writing.

This article is written by a blogger on how blogging can help improve a person writing skills. There are 3 ways that were mentioned on how blogging can improve a writer writing skill that are liberating creativity, test ideas safely and develope your own portfolio. In my opinion, blogging can help improve writing skills by devoloping an interest for creative writing. By blogging, we are actually letting other people read what we have posted. Since we posted something, it is only natural that we are more self aware of what we put in our blog. By this, we tend to write more creatively and by doing that, we can actually improve our writing. Besides that, by reading other people blogs, we can actually improve our writing by following the writing styles of other bloggers. In conclusion, blogging can help improve our writing in more ways than one.

Blogs that I like to read.
This blogs explains a few thing about phobia. In this blog, the blogger tries to explain what phobia means and the categories of phobia.
This blog is about a guide on travelling in Malaysia. This blog also features what you can expect in Kuala Lumpur and other places.

The blogs mentioned above are some of the blogs that I like to read. By reading these blogs, I can see the creativity and mastery of their writing skills. Other than that, it can develop more interest in blogs because there are many more things you can find in blogs. In conclusion, the reason why I like these blogs is because it is interesting to read and help past the time.

Slide 19

Tuesday, March 3, 2009

Posting 1- Reading for information.

Global Warming

Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air and the oceans since the mid-twentieth century and its projected continuation. Global surface temperature increased 0.74 ± 0.18 °C (1.33 ± 0.32 °F) during the 100 years ending in 2005.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that anthropogenic greenhouse gases are responsible for most of the observed temperature increase since the middle of the twentieth century, and natural phenomena such as solar variation and volcanoes probably had a small warming effect from pre-industrial times to 1950 and a small cooling effect from 1950 onward. These basic conclusions have been endorsed by 30 scientific societies and academies of science. including all of the national academies of science of the major industrialized countries.

Climate modelprojections summarized in the latest IPCC report indicate that global surface temperature will likely rise a further 1.1 to 6.4 °C (2.0 to 11.5 °F) during the twenty-first century.[1] The uncertainty in this estimate arises from the use of models with differing climate sensitivity, and the use of differing estimates of future greenhouse gas emissions. Some other uncertainties include how warming and related changes will vary from region to region around the globe. Although most studies focus on the period up to 2100, warming is expected to continue after 2100, even in the absence of new emissions, because of the large heat capacity of the oceans and the lifespan of CO2 in the atmosphere.

Increasing global temperature will cause sea levels to rise and will change the amount and pattern of precipitation, likely including an expanse of the subtropical desert regions.[9] Other likely effects include Arctic shrinkage and resulting Arctic methane release, shrinkage of the Amazon rainforest, increases in the intensity of extreme weather events, changes in agricultural yields, modifications of trade routes, glacier retreat, species extinctions and changes in the ranges of disease vectors.

Political and public debate continues regarding the appropriate response to global warming. The available options are mitigation to reduce further emissions; adaptation to reduce the damage caused by warming; and, more speculatively, geoengineering to reverse global warming. Most national governments have signed and ratified the Kyoto Protocol aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

This text is about reading for information from wikipedia. Wikipedia is a famous source of information in the internet as it contain many articles on topics and issues around the world. This text contain the introduction for topic of global warming. The activities present is an explanation about global warming and the history. Present is also the effect of global warming to the planet and it is considered devastating. There is also a few suggestion to counter global warming and what steps was taken by government around the world. I choose this topic for reading for information because this is an important issue that effect us all and the fact that I have to write an essay about it for my written communication course. This topic has appeared again and again in newspaper and magazines and I think that this is an interesting text to read and write about. This text may also make people more aware of the dangers of global warming.

Monday, March 2, 2009

Hello to everyone.
I am Muzhaffar Hilmi Bin Muhammad.
I just created my very own blog and I hope you will all enjoy
what I have to offer.